BOOTHBAY HARBOR — Louis Burnham was born and raised in this seaside town, and he says he’s “from the old school” when it comes to same-sex marriage.
Vicki Reinecke was born and raised here, too, and supports allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry.
Burnham, 80, and Reinecke, 57, show the two sides of the divide about the issue in this town where shipbuilders and lobstermen live among artists, shop owners and tourists.
In 2009, the last time Mainers voted on gay marriage, 565 residents of Boothbay Harbor voted to support it and 563 opposed it.
It was one of the closest margins in the state in the referendum that overturned a law to allow gay marriage. Supporters of gay marriage won only four counties — Cumberland, Hancock, Knox and York — and lost 12 others, including Lincoln County, home to Boothbay Harbor.
Mainers will vote on the issue again Nov. 6, when they will decide on a proposal to make it legal for gay and lesbian couples to marry.
As he leaned against a mailbox last week while working as the town’s parking enforcement supervisor, Burnham, a former selectman and grocery store owner, said he expects the vote to be close again in Boothbay Harbor.
“I’m from the old school,” he said. “I believe in men and women, husband and wife. I know it’s a big issue today.”
Reinecke, who works at the Bigelow Laboratory for Ocean Sciences, said she senses a change in town. She noticed it last fall, when she spotted a woman at a table gathering signatures on a petition in support of gay marriage.
“I was impressed at how much traffic was going her way,” she said as she shopped at Boothbay Region Greenhouses. “In 2009, there seemed to be more fear, perhaps; but I don’t sense that now and I don’t know what they were afraid of. People are afraid of change.”
As both sides of the campaign ramp up for Election Day, just five weeks from Tuesday, the 53 percent-to-47 percent spread from 2009 continues to inform their strategy.
Matt Hutson, campaign director for Protect Marriage Maine, the lead opponent of gay marriage, has lined the walls of his office with chart after chart showing the vote totals from 2009. He knows where the vote against gay marriage was strong — 73 percent in Aroostook County and 66 percent in Somerset County — and where it was not.
Gay marriage was approved with 60 percent support in Cumberland County, where 73 percent of Portland voters backed it.
Carroll Conley of Protect Marriage Maine said the opponents are looking at trends in voting patterns not just from 2009, but from the presidential election in 2008 and the governor’s race in 2010. They think they can do at least as well, if not better, in places such as Penobscot County, where they won with 59 percent support in 2009.
“Those numbers are very much on our minds,” he said. “We’re very encouraged by what we’re seeing in those campaigns.”
Conley, who was not involved in the 2009 campaign, said he was surprised to see how close the vote was in York County, where just 145 votes separated “yes” and “no.”
Gay-marriage advocates won in York County that year, just barely.
They say there are two big differences between 2009 and this year. This is a presidential election year, while 2009 featured only referendum questions on the statewide ballot, so turnout is expected to be considerably higher than the 58 percent who voted three years ago.
David Farmer, spokesman for Mainers United for Marriage, said turnout could go as high as 75 percent.
The second difference is that voters in presidential years tend to be younger and more progressive.
“It gives us what we believe is an advantage in the predictability and nature of the electorate,” Farmer said. “We are working everywhere.”
Farmer said gay-marriage supporters expect roughly 180,000 more people to vote this time than voted in 2009. Between gathering signatures for the referendum, thousands of one-on-one conversations, ongoing phone calls and upcoming forums, Farmer said, they have seen growing support for gay marriage in Maine.
A poll commissioned by the Portland Press Herald and released Sunday shows 57 percent of Maine voters expressing support for gay marriage, 36 percent opposed and 7 percent undecided.
That’s unchanged from a similar poll done for the newspaper by Critical Insights in June, but indicates a higher level of support than two other recent polls, which pegged proponents at 53 percent and 52 percent.
A closer look at the poll numbers shows that in the 1st Congressional District, 66 percent support same-sex marriage and 27 percent do not, with the rest undecided. In the more rural 2nd Congressional District, support is 48 percent and opposition stands at 46 percent, according to Critical Insights, the firm that conducted the poll.
Conley said gay-marriage opponents are confident that the polls exaggerate support because people don’t like to talk about the issue.
Their internal polls show 8 percent to 10 percent undecided, and they hope to sway that group with television ads that are set to begin airing in early October.
Ron Schmidt, associate professor of political science at the University of Southern Maine, said both sides are likely to see a surge in voters, so the key will be which camp does a better job getting people to the polls. With an open U.S. Senate seat and a strong performance by President Barack Obama expected, he said, the election is likely to tip in favor of gay-marriage supporters.
“The possibility that the Senate seat could be claimed by someone likely to caucus with Democrats (independent Angus King) and the likelihood of the incumbent Democratic president winning will be a boost to marriage equality supporters,” he said.
Maine is one of four states that will vote on gay marriage Nov. 6. Maryland and Washington voters will consider whether to uphold laws passed by their legislatures and signed by their Democratic governors, and Minnesota is considering a constitutional amendment to ban gay marriage.
For some, the focus of this election should be the economy, not a social issue.
Dawn Gilbert, who owns Heads of the Harbor beauty salon in Boothbay Harbor, has been active in local and state Republican politics for decades. She supports gay rights, but not gay marriage, and is worried about the economy.
“I think there’s a lot of split people on this issue,” said Gilbert, 69, who has a number of Republican candidates’ bumper stickers in her shop.
“To me, it shouldn’t be an issue. I’m not for gay marriage. I just think the word marriage shouldn’t be in there.”
Across town, Tim Lewis, 60, owner of the Mid-Town Motel, said he doesn’t see anything wrong with allowing gay and lesbian couples to marry.
“I support gay marriage,” he said as he stood in the office of the motel his father built in 1955. “I don’t see anything wrong with it. It’s not my style, but I’m for equal rights.”
Susan Cover — 621-5643