SKOWHEGAN — If you don’t kill the lion, the lion will kill you.

The lion was real for Aziza Perkins, 17, a refugee from the Democratic Republic of Congo, in Central Africa, and now living in Maine.

The lion is also a metaphor.

She killed the real lion with an African bow and arrow device called a flash while fetching water with other girls from her village of Mokali near the capital city, Kinshasa — and had its meat for dinner the same night, she said.

The metaphorical lion was the continuing war in Perkins’ homeland, in which her grandfather and her father were shot to death. The lion also was life in a tin shack without windows, becoming a refugee at age 13, being put in foster care after abuse in her biological family, and becoming a mother at age 15.

Now a junior at Skowhegan Area High School, Perkins and her 2-year-old daughter, Tiana, were adopted formally in April and live with her new mother, Michele Perkins, in Norridgewock.

Life is good and the lion is dead.

“When I was in Congo, I killed a lion,” Perkins said in a recent interview. “When we were going to get water, walking two miles like we usually do, we saw a big lion. The chance was — I get killed or I kill the lion. So I killed the lion and we actually had the lion for supper. It was really good.”

Perkins was 11 when she killed the lion. She said when girls go for water, they go in a group of five or six, each with a flash and an antidote for snake poison.

“The adults took the lion and they prepared the lion for supper, and everyone that helped with the lion ate the lion,” she said.

Perkins recently was the recipient of the Julia Clukey Courage Award, presented to her at the high school by Clukey, an Olympic athlete in luge competition and a native of Augusta.

The award, which Clukey gives to students at schools she visits, focuses on encouraging young people to find their passion, create a plan and go after their dreams in spite of adversity. Clukey, 31, is a survivor of Arnold-Chiari malformation, a brain disorder involving structural defects.

Clukey also is the 2012 national champion in luge and is training for the 2018 Winter Olympics, which will be held in Pyeongchang, South Korea.

She presented the award to Perkins in a March 31 ceremony at the school.


Skowhegan Area High School Principal Monique Poulin said the award is given in recognition of outstanding courage. The award process was created and implemented by the school’s Student Council. Members anonymously nominated students who they felt had demonstrated an ability to overcome adversity or challenge, Poulin said. The names then were passed along to the school faculty, which voted on the award recipient.

“She arrived in Maine speaking three languages — French, Lingala and Swahili — despite the fact that school was not an option for her as a female in her country,” Poulin said. “She has learned English since her arrival by immersion and support at home and school. She works hard every day in all of her classes, is on the honor roll and is in the top 20 percent of her class.”

Clukey said in an interview that she began speaking at schools in Maine six years ago but only recently started giving out the courage awards. There have been six recipients so far, including Perkins, and Clukey said she still has 16 more schools to visit this year.

She said Perkins is an inspiration, not only to her, but to Perkins’ classmates and other young people in Maine. She said the school nominating Perkins for the award speaks well of the Skowhegan community.

“Any time a young person has overcome everything she has overcome and has been able to pick herself up and push forward is such an inspiration,” Clukey said. “I think those stories of courage just need to be told. It was really an honor to meet her and to be able to honor her for pushing through such a tough life, and I think it speaks volumes, too, of the community in Skowhegan that this young girl is able to live out her dreams for a second chance in Maine.”

She said Perkins is a model for someone overcoming adversity and for becoming “the best version of themselves.”


Poulin described Perkins as a wonderful mother of a beautiful daughter, for whom the young woman is a role model.

“I really like it here, going to school,” Perkins said. “I didn’t expect being able to come to school without having to pay money, because in Congo, girls really don’t go to school; and to think I’d actually go to college, have a job, I’m really happy.”

Perkins arrived in the United States in February 2012 as a refugee from Congo, not speaking a word of English. She and four siblings and her biological mother first lived in North Carolina, but they fled the state when local authorities moved to take Aziza and her siblings because of neglect.

They arrived in Portland later the same year. Within a week, state Department of Health and Human Services workers took the children. Caseworkers allowed them to reunite in 2013 in Lewiston.

Patrick Kambu, the former president of CongoMaine, the Congolese Community of Maine, in Portland, said about 1,500 people from his county now live in Maine.

“I believe most of them are working,” said Kambu, 32, a student working on his doctorate in industrial and organizational psychology. “They are in manufacturing and in various industries. Many are also working in home care.”

Perkins noted that before she went into foster care, “I was abused and entered foster care seven months pregnant, at 15 years old.”

She went in November 2013 to Michele Perkins’ home in Norridgewock, through placement by DHHS, to live with Perkins’ and her family. Four of Perkins’ six children are adopted. Aziza’s daughter, Tiana, was born on Jan. 5, 2014.

Michele Perkins, 50, is a licensed foster parent and an adult case manager at Reach Family Services. Aziza Perkins remained in foster care for 876 days before being formally adopted by Michele Perkins on April 20.

Aziza participates in the high school’s track and field program, running the 200 meter, the four-by-100-meter relay, the 100 meter and sometimes the 400 meter run, reaching the state meet last fall for indoor track.

“Her freshman year she was interested in joining track, and she came to watch one of the track meets to see what it was like,” Michele Perkins said. “And when the starter gun went off, she would jump because it would remind her of the guns in Congo, and she asked me to take her home because she couldn’t handle it.”


The war in Congo has claimed up to 6 million lives, either as a direct result of fighting or because of disease and malnutrition.

While it seemed easy for Aziza Perkins to talk comfortably about all that has happened to her in her young life, the memories and the trauma are not far from the surface.

“It’s not — it’s not easy to talk about it,” she said. “I talk about it just because you are asking.”

She said it took courage to leave Congo to come to United States; it took courage to learn English and to come to Maine, where the winters can be deadly; and it took courage to fight for her desire to stay in Maine and to keep her child at age 15.

When she found out she was the award winner, she cried.

“I think I was chosen for the award because I’ve been through a lot in Congo, like seeing all the people killed — a gun going to my head — not eating anything through the day, going to the river two miles to get water and wash clothes,” she said. “It was very bad in Lewiston. My mom didn’t give me food.”

Michele Perkins, whose husband died several years ago in a plane crash, agreed, saying Aziza has experienced much in her young life.

“I think it’s a huge honor and it’s well deserved, having gone through everything she’s gone through and still be a very successful mother,” she said. “She’s on the honor roll at her school. It’s well deserved. She’s had harder circumstances than most of us can imagine and has still overcome and is doing extremely well.”

Aziza said she wants to go to college after high school to study international business and psychology.

“When I graduate, I want to have a job,” she said. “I want to travel and go help people in Africa. I want to help students and kids to have a chance to go to school, because school is really important for people in Congo.”

Doug Harlow — 612-2367

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