AUGUSTA — You’ve got to break a few rocks to make a staircase in the middle of the woods.

Not to mention dig them up. Move them across hilly terrain. And set them in place.

No easy task when some of the granite rocks used by Maine Conservation Corps and Americorps members, and some volunteers, to build staircases at the Augusta Nature Education Center weigh as much as four times the weight of a person.

That’s why corps members and team leaders spent this week training at the 175-acre nature center, which is free and open to the public. The members have been learning how to move rocks down precipitous hills using a high line winch system and place them, carefully and with thought given to how they’ll fit with other rocks in the staircase, and create crushed rock to fill voids in the ground and stabilize the larger rocks.

Smashing a large granite rock that had been dug up from the moist ground with a hammer, Rachel Herr, 25, of New York, broke the rock up into smaller pieces to be used in a stone staircase her fellow workers had begun nearby.

“Doing rock work, you’ve got to use your mind, it’s like a puzzle, putting it together,” Herr said. “And, of course, it’s physically demanding.”

The group of about a dozen corps members camped out near their work-site. Though the site is near the center of the city, tucked in between South Belfast Avenue, Capital Area Technical Center, and Cony Street, they trained as if they were in the backcountry, since that’s where most of the team leaders will end up leading trail crews across the state, once their training is complete.

So their training, which also included sessions at Camp Cobbossee in Monmouth, also included topics such as wilderness first responder training, first aid in both physical and mental health, and safety.

They also want their work to last, as has an existing staircase built in the nature center several years ago by other corps workers as part of their training.

“Most of us are out here, not just to be outdoors and be able to see the state, but also to create something that is going to last,” said Louis Chiappetta, of Readfield, a team leader for Maine Conservation Corps working on the Augusta Nature Education Center site this week. “Something you can feel good about creating, out in nature.”

Creating trails and building staircases in the woods does involve some amount of destruction, before the trails can be built back up. Rocks are dug up, disturbing soil, trees are used to create water bars that divert water from trails to prevent erosion.

But the workers follow a “leave no trace” ethos as they work, leaving their work-sites, when they’re done, in a state as close to its natural state as possible, while still accomplishing their goal of creating a trail that others will use to access beautiful wooded territory.

“Our goal is to leave the place more inviting, more accessible, but still in as natural a state as possible,” Chiappetta said. “A very well-built water bar, and its impact preventing erosion, can last decades. The whole point of building the stairs is the rest of the hill doesn’t get eroded.”

Jackie McNeill, president of the Augusta Nature Club, which owns much of the land that makes up the Augusta Nature Education Center, said the club greatly appreciates the work corps members do there as they train.

“They do a wonderful job, and they’re great people,” said McNeill, who, with several other club members, helped out on the trails this week too. “Everything they do enhances the nature center.”

Other features at the nature center include a bridge built by a local Eagle Scout.

No power tools are used. The trail workers use steel rock bars, ropes, winches and pulleys, hammers, and their own strength and wits to manipulate and place rocks in staircases.

And they, of course, use plenty of rocks. Chiappetta and McNeill noted the nature center land is not short of rocks, as the area previously was used as a granite quarry.

The ideal rock for building a staircase, Chiappetta said, is something with a fairly flat surface but with some texture, for tread grip, longer than a boot and wide enough to stand on, with parallel sides and at least eight inches tall, so it has enough rise.

Americorps, a program of the federal Bureau of Parks and Lands, is funded by the Corporation for National and Community Services, Maine Commission for Community Service, and grants and sponsoring organizations.

Workers, in exchange for their work, receive educational funding they can use to pay student loans, take classes and generally further their educations.

Keith Edwards — 621-5647

[email protected]

Twitter: @kedwardskj

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