Caregivers and local officials in towns on the periphery of central Maine are looking to set rules for marijuana this year.

Somerville and Washington are in different stages of work with citizen committees. Meanwhile, one Washington-based caregiver with a storefront in Jefferson aims to help the latter with its rule-making.

This month, Somerville’s Marijuana Committee will begin work Wednesday. According to the Department of Administrative and Financial Services data, there are four registered caregivers in Somerville.

Jackson McLeod, a Somerville-based caregiver who opened a combination medical marijuana storefront and gas station in Portland, is on the 10-member committee. Town Treasurer Maria Greeley said the town sent McLeod and fellow committee member Russ Gates to attend a Maine Municipal Association forum on marijuana rule-making.

McLeod said communities such as Somerville could benefit from grow operations and product manufacturing businesses, particularly with property and equipment taxes. The best avenue to well-regulated businesses of that type, he said, would be to have clear zoning regulations and ordinances in place.

McLeod said it was exciting that local caregivers and residents can be on the front lines of writing ordinances.


“It’s amazing that we are able to participate in that process in a small community,” he said.

Somerville Select Board Chairwoman Darlene Landry said an important aspect of the committee’s work would be surveying townspeople on where they stand on marijuana establishments. She said the town surveyed residents in 2016 on their interest in having adult-use marijuana establishments, and the town was overwhelmingly against them. That outcome was unsurprising; residents voted 137-207 against the 2016 referendum question on legalizing marijuana.

“They didn’t seem to want anything to do with them,” Landry said.

She said Somerville’s relationship with marijuana could be complicated further by the town’s status as a dry town.

“We have been a dry town since prohibition; you can’t even buy beer in town if we had a store,” Landry said. “I don’t know what the connection is going to be between the two.”

Landry said Somerville and surrounding towns have proceeded patiently, as state rule-making for adult-use marijuana has yet to be passed. At the local level, she alluded to uncertainty about licenses in Hallowell as an example of “jumping the gun” on regulations.


“There is no smoke shop in our immediate area because everybody is waiting to see,” Landry said. “I thought everything was fine with Hallowell and, all of a sudden, everything is blowing up.”

She said large growing or manufacturing operations would struggle in Somerville because the town doesn’t have three-phase power.

“I don’t see the investment someone would make doing a cultivation or processing plant here … in a small, small town like Somerville,” Landry said.

Jake McClure, a Washington-based caregiver and operator of Sensi Sensei caregiver storefront at 50 Rockland Road in Jefferson, said he has worked in Washington with a committee similar to Somerville’s to draft a proposed ordinance that will go to town voters in March.

Steve Ocean, a member of the town’s Planning Board and its marijuana committee, updated Washington’s Board of Selectmen on the ordinance on Wednesday. He said the town’s ordinance will focus on enabling small adult-use marijuana businesses and bar large operations, with some sort of cap on square footage.

“We’d like to see people be able to grow and sell recreational marijuana or a small scale without much regulation,” Ocean said.


While the language is not final, he said, small operations could be allowed anywhere in town and larger operations probably would be confined to rural commercial districts around Route 17. Ocean added that the committee was guided by a number of caregivers in town. There are seven caregivers in Washington, according to state data.

The ordinance will not deal with medical marijuana. At last year’s Town Meeting, Washington residents approved a moratorium on adult-use establishments.

Washington Town Clerk Mary Anderson said a draft ordinance is being fine-tuned by town attorneys in preparation for the Town Meeting in March. She said there may be a public hearing on the ordinance ahead of Town Meeting.

McClure said a selling point for Washington officials has been supporting local farmers, rather than waiting for “big marijuana” companies to come in and push out caregivers.

“What they have to choose here is do they support big marijuana or do they support mom and pop?” he said. “That seemed to change their minds a little bit.”

McClure said towns often try to impose stricter safety measures on marijuana establishments, such as bars on the windows and security cameras, but he advocates looser restrictions.


“We want commonsense regulations,” he said, adding that marijuana growing operations often have fewer liabilities than mechanic’s garages. “We don’t want to be treated any differently than any other (agricultural) business.”

McClure said he will contact town officials in Jefferson, hoping to work on local rules after Washington’s ordinance is finalized.

Bordering Somerville and Washington, Jefferson is dealing with a large amount of caregivers compared to other central Maine towns.

In the Kennebec Journal’s coverage area — composed of Augusta, Belgrade, Chelsea, Dresden, Fayette, Gardiner, Hallowell, Jefferson, Litchfield, Manchester, Monmouth, Mount Vernon, Pittston, Randolph, Readfield, Richmond, Somerville, Vienna, Washington, Wayne, West Gardiner, Whitefield, Windsor and Winthrop — Jefferson has the second-most caregivers with 17. Only Augusta has more, with 28. Vienna and Wayne have none.

Jefferson has only one ordinance regarding marijuana, a moratorium on all adult-use marijuana establishments.

The Kennebec Journal tried to contact all the Jefferson selectmen to speak about upcoming rule-making for marijuana in the town, but they were unavailable for comment. The Town Office staff was unaware of any ordinances in the works about marijuana.

State rule-making for adult-use marijuana might take some time. Last month, the state pulled out of a contract with would-be rule-writer BOTEC Analysis Inc, following a successful appeal by another company that had bid on the project.


Sam Shepherd — 621-5666
Twitter: @SamShepME

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