Abu Dhabi F1 GP Auto Racing

Red Bull driver Max Verstappen of the Netherlands celebrates after he became the Formula One world champion by winning the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix on Sunday in the United Arab Emirates. Hassan Ammar/Associated Press

ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates — The most dramatic Formula One season in years should have ended with Max Verstappen’s championship-deciding pass of Lewis Hamilton on the final lap of the Abu Dhabi Grand Prix.

The conclusion instead came nearly five hours after Verstappen became the first Dutch champion in F1 history, when the FIA denied a pair of protests lodged by Mercedes over the controversial finish of Sunday’s race.

But the messy affair still isn’t over: Mercedes filed for reconsideration to the International Court of Appeal, turning in the paperwork as Hamilton left Yas Marina Circuit without commenting.

“Not much really to say about that. I think it also sums up a little bit the season,” Verstappen said hours earlier as the FIA heard Mercedes’ two protests.

Hamilton had a record eighth championship ripped away after a crash by Nicholas Latifi with five laps remaining triggered the safety car and gave race director Michael Masi a decision. The season-ending race and championship could be decided under yellow, or, the track could be cleaned for one final lap of racing.

Hamilton had been on cruise control and dominated Sunday after surging past pole-sitter Verstappen at the start. He led 51 of the 58 laps and was minutes away from breaking a tie with Michael Schumacher for an eighth title that would strengthen his case as the best driver in F1 history.

The decision by Masi to go green with a lap to go allowed Verstappen to pass Hamilton in Turn 5. Hamilton got a good look at retaking the lead in Turn 9 but couldn’t complete the move. It was a stunning conclusion to a title fight that will go down as one of the best ever.

Verstappen and Hamilton arrived in Abu Dhabi tied in the standings after 21 races across four continents, the first time since 1974 the contenders were level going into the finale. The rivals went wheel-to-wheel all season, crashing three times, with Verstappen sent to the hospital after a collision at Silverstone.

It made for a bitter feud between Mercedes and Red Bull that intensified this high-stakes and sometimes chaotic title fight. It was compelling action every week, on-and-off track drama likened to the epic championship battles of James Hunt and Niki Lauda in 1976, and Ayrton Senna and Alain Prost in 1990.

Hamilton, winner of three straight races going into the finale, had this one in hand until the Latifi crash gave Verstappen a chance to pit for fresh tires and then pull up behind Hamilton for the restart.

Verstappen and Red Bull celebrated in a champagne soak, he received hugs from his fellow competitors – including Hamilton and Hamilton’s father – and made his way to the DJ stand to jump wildly up and down to the music. The “Orange Army” of Dutch fans erupted in joy and fired off their traditional orange flares. The fans also chanted Latifi’s name in appreciation as they exited the circuit.

“My goal when I was little was to become a Formula One driver and to go for wins, to be on the podium,” said Verstappen. “When they play the national anthem, you want it to be yours, and when you stand here and they tell you that you are the world champion, it’s something incredible and special.”

Verstappen’s 10 victories this year equaled the number of wins scored over his first six seasons in F1, and he led an F1-high 652 of the 1,211 laps while earning 18 podium finishes.

But he’d been criticized for aggressive driving, with Hamilton saying Verstappen was over the edge. Verstappen complained all weekend that he’s been treated unfairly by the race stewards, who he believed held him to a higher standard than other drivers.

He repeated that he wanted race control to play no role in the finale, but when Masi did, it went in Verstappen’s favor.

“I think (the track) was clear, so why would you run it out behind the safety car?” Verstappen said. “When everything is clear, you have to release the track, so I think that’s a fair point from the race director. Of course, now it works for me. But it also works against me, I know that.”

Hamilton did not participate in the postrace news conference with Verstappen and third-place finisher Carlos Sainz. He did one interview before the victory podium and congratulated Verstappen and Red Bull.

Hamilton, who turns 37 next month, used a late season surge to knock all 19 points off Verstappen’s lead in the standings. But his eight wins this season are his fewest since 2013, when he only won once and finished fourth in the standings.

He praised the effort of Mercedes.

“It’s been the most difficult of seasons. I’m so proud of them, so grateful to be on the journey with them. We gave it absolutely everything, we never gave up and that’s the most important thing,” Hamilton said. “I’ve been feeling great in the car this past couple of months, particularly at the end. But if I’m honest, we’re still in the pandemic and I just wish everyone to stay safe and have a good Christmas with their families, and we’ll see about next year.”

Red Bull won its first F1 title since 2013; Mercedes had won every championship since.

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